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常州托福名师解析托福阅读逻辑出题点

www.cnnmp.net 时间:2017-01-11 00:00 来源: 中国新媒体网 阅读:我要投稿  
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  常州托福名师解析托福阅读逻辑出题点

  常州托福老师介绍,托福阅读中,分类别逻辑也是常考查的高频逻辑之一。主观题和客观题目都有涉及,但以客观题为主。下面给大家解析一下分类别逻辑得分要点,希望对你的备考有帮助!

  (1)如TPO中的这道细节题

  Paragraph 2:During wakefulness, breathing is controlled by two interacting systems. The first is an automatic, metabolic system whose control is centered in the brain stem. It subconsciously adjusts breathing rate and depth in order to regulate the levels of carbon dioxide (C02,) and oxygen (02,), and the acid-base ratio in the blood. The second system is the voluntary, behavioral system. Its control center is based in the forebrain, and it regulates breathing for use in speech, singing, sighing, and so on. It is capable of ignoring or overriding the automatic, metabolic system and produces an irregular pattern of breathing.

  题目:According to paragraph 2, all of the following are true of the voluntary breathing system EXCEPT:

  选项A :It has its control center in the brain stem

  常州托福老师解释说,这个段落里将two interacting systems 分成两个类别,题目是找出不属于第二个类别的表述,选项A属于第一个类别特点,选项的设置采用了张冠李戴。

  (2)再如TPO中的这道细节题

  Paragraph 5 :The causes of this population rebound are consequences of other human actions. First, the major predators of deer---wolves, cougar, and lynx--have been greatly reduced in numbers. Second, conservation has been insured by limiting times for and types of hunting. But the most profound reason for the restoration of high population numbers has been the gate of the forests. Great tracts of lowland country deforested by logging, fire, or both have become ideal feeding grounds of deer.

  题目:Which of the following is NOT mentioned in paragraph 5 as a factor that has increased deer populations?

  选项:D

  A.A reduction in the number of predators

  B.Restrictions on hunting

  C.The effects of logging and fire

  D.Laws that protected feeding grounds of deer

  这个段落里将原因分成三个方面,选项D属于未提到的原因。

  (3)再如TPO中的这道修辞目的题

  Paragraph 3: The first wells were drilled into the Ogallala during the drought years of the early 1930's. The ensuing rapid expansion of irrigation agriculture, especially from the 1950's onward, transformed the economy of the region. More than 100,000 wells now tap the Ogallala. Modern irrigation devices, each capable of spraying 4.5 million liters of water a day, have produced a landscape dominated by geometric patterns of circular green islands of crops. Ogallala water has enabled the High Plains region to supply significant amounts of the cotton, sorghum, wheat, and corn grown in the United States. In addition, 40 percent of American grain-fed beef cattle are fattened here.

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